+Activity     
+Execution plan     

 
Introduction
The areas of nanotechnology include fabrication and application of materials, devices, and systems at nanometer scales (one billionth of a meter, 10-9 m, or nm) as well as characterization of their special physical, chemical, and biological properties. Many of these properties vary with dimensions of the nanomaterials or nanostructures. The huge application potential inherent to such varieties justifies a new thrust to better understand the fundamentals from which one may gain control of the rules for materials or device designs and fabrications. The vast areas of application range from machinery, materials, chemistry, optics, metrology, military, energy, environment, biology, medicine and so on. In what follows, brief introductions are provided concerning the development in some of these areas. 
•Communications and optoelectronics: wireless and optical communications
•Precision machinery and micro(nano)-electromechanical systems (MEMS or NEMS)
•Materials and Chemical Engineering: nanomaterials and optoelectronics-specific chemicals
•Biomedical technology: genetic engineering and Chinese herbal medicine
•Sustainable developments: resource preservation and sustainable environment

When the dimensions of a material structure diminish to nanoscale, a large fraction of the atoms are exposed, hence becoming the so-called surface atoms. As a result, the physical and chemical properties of the nanostructures would be more surface-sensitive, namely, less chemically stable, and could become catalytic, making the nanostructures less durable for practical applications. The electrons in the small structures would tend to exhibit more conspicuous quantum effects as manifested in the localization and interference of the electron waves. When all these happen, quantum tunneling would make electrical insulation almost impossible. But, in any event, the traditional fundamental physics and chemistry may now not be sufficient any more to describe the newly composed nanomaterials.

Consequently, the primary challenge to take on is to seek new chemically stable nanomaterials of known physical and chemical properties. Carbon nanotube is one of the most widely known new materials discovered or invented at the dawn of nanotechnology. It has been the thinnest tube found in nature so far. It exhibits peculiar thermal and electrical conductivities, excellent mechanical strength and toughness, and is chemically stable. It is commercially applicable to producing batteries and TV or PC displays.

Furthermore, nano biotechnology has also been able to create or manipulate biological or biochemical materials or systems at atomic or molecular levels. Nanosensors used to investigate biological entities or track down diseases, such as those based on biological chips and other biological materials, will not only contribute to medical diagnosis, disease tracking and treatment, but also to the controls or manipulations of cellular genetics.

Nanotechnology aims to fabricate materials and control their properties by manipulating the most fundamental unit of matter at atomic or molecular levels in composing new materials or machinery of very tiny structures or dimensions. Commitments to the nanotechnology are an essential step toward fulfilling the demand of device miniaturization and more efficient use of resources in the human passage to reaching their ultimate socioeconomic objectives.

 

Organizational Regulations
Set by the 1st College of Science Affairs Meeting at 2001 Academic Year on November 21, 2001
Approved by 2nd Task Force Center Review Meeting at 2001 Academic Year on December 13, 2001
Approved by Principal on December 25, 2001
Amendment approved by 1st Center for Nano Science and Nano Technology Meeting at 2018 Academic Year on July 31, 2018
Amendment approved by Research Center Review Meeting at 2019 Academic Year on April 23, 2019
Approved by Principal on July 25, 2019

Chapter I General
Article 1 : These regulations are formulated in accordance with the guidelines of NSYSU establishment and abolishment for task-oriented centers.
Article 2 : This center is named “Research and Development Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, NSYSU” (referred as “The Center” hereinafter).
Article 3 : The goal of the Center is to advocate the research and development of nanoscience and nanotechnology. In the meanwhile, the Center accepts commissions of public and private institutions to promote the nanotechnology programs, broaden overall national nanotechnology, and advance academic levels.

Chapter II Structure and Duties
Article 4 : The Center consists of research and development group, education and training group, and planning and promotion group; in charge of the research and development about nanoscience and nanotechnology for different departments in NSYSU, the integration of education and training course, and the promotion and cooperation between NSYSU and other nanotechnology institutions.

Chapter III Organization and Budget
Article 5 : The Center includes a director who is a full-time professor assigned by the president of NSYSU to be responsible for the Center’s management. The director is a term of three years, and can be re-elected.
Article 6 : The Center sets a sectional leader for each group. The sectional leaders who are full-time professors or associate professors recommended by the Center’s director and appointed by the president of NSYSU.
Article 7 : The Center can form an advisory Committee to motivate the research and development, education and training, and planning and promotion. The Committee is formed by the scholars or experts who are recommended by the Center’s director and appointed by the president of NSYSU. The Committee members are unpaid positions but the meeting traveling expenses is allowed.
Article 8 : The Center is under self-sufficient operation. All the revenue and expenditure shall be integrated into the University fund, and based on the regulations of NSYSU.

Chapter IV Conference
Article 9 : The Center shall hold a regular conference to review the budget and projects of the groups of research and development, education and training, and planning and promotion. The Center’s director is chairperson of the conference.

Chapter V Supplementary Provisions
Article 10 : The Center shall submit an annual report every year.
Article 11 : The Center shall carry out self-evaluation and University evaluation every year; evaluating items and methods shall be formulated by related regulations of NSYSU.
Article 12 : The director may propose to abolish the Center when the established factor eliminates. If the ratings for consecutive two years are grade B or one grade C, the Center will be abolished.
Article 13 : The regulations of operation, management, self-evaluation, procedural rules and development plans may be prescribed by the Center.
Article 14 : These regulations and revision shall be implemented after reviewed by the Center’s committee meeting, and approved by the president of NSYSU.